Archive for the OMAP3 Category

Note: SignGP Tool, OMAP3/4 for MMC boot

Posted in ARM, OMAP3, OMAP4, XLoader on 2011 年 02 月 03 日 by Kun-Yi

SignGP tool, just attached a header to x-loader.bin for OMAP3/4 MMC/SD booting

Currently, I know have two verision header

1. original version , just added image length and a default start address(0x40200800) of memory

2. 2nd version, attached a configuration header for SDRAM setting in original version

SignGP  x-loader.bin

will generation a  x-loader.bin.ift file, rename it to MLO and copy into SD/MMC card.

廣告

Note: board.c of xloader

Posted in ARM, OMAP3, XLoader on 2010 年 11 月 21 日 by Kun-Yi

/*
* Copyright (C) 2005 Texas Instruments.
*
* (C) Copyright 2004
* Jian Zhang, Texas Instruments, jzhang@ti.com.
*
* (C) Copyright 2002
* Wolfgang Denk, DENX Software Engineering, wd@denx.de.
*
* (C) Copyright 2002
* Sysgo Real-Time Solutions, GmbH <www.elinos.com>
* Marius Groeger <mgroeger@sysgo.de>
*
* See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
* project.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
* MA 02111-1307 USA
*/

#include <common.h>
#include <part.h>
#include <fat.h>
#include <asm/arch/mem.h>

const char version_string[] =
    “Texas Instruments X-Loader 1.4.4ss (" __DATE__ " – " __TIME__ “)";

int print_info(void)
{
#ifdef CFG_PRINTF
        printf(“\n\n%s\n", version_string);
#endif
    return 0;
}

static int init_func_i2c (void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MMC
#ifdef CONFIG_DRIVER_OMAP34XX_I2C
    i2c_init (CFG_I2C_SPEED, CFG_I2C_SLAVE);
#endif
#endif
    return 0;
}

typedef int (init_fnc_t) (void);

init_fnc_t *init_sequence[] = {
    cpu_init,        /* basic cpu dependent setup */
    board_init,        /* basic board dependent setup */
#ifdef CFG_NS16550_SERIAL
     serial_init,        /* serial communications setup */
#endif
    print_info,
      nand_init,        /* board specific nand init */
#ifdef CONFIG_MMC
#ifdef CONFIG_DRIVER_OMAP34XX_I2C
    init_func_i2c,
#endif
#endif
      NULL,
};

void start_armboot (void)
{
      init_fnc_t **init_fnc_ptr;
     int i, size;
    uchar *buf;
    int *first_instruction;
    block_dev_desc_t *dev_desc = NULL;

       for (init_fnc_ptr = init_sequence; *init_fnc_ptr; ++init_fnc_ptr) {
        if ((*init_fnc_ptr)() != 0) {
            hang ();
        }
    }

    misc_init_r();

    buf =  (uchar*) CFG_LOADADDR;
    *(int *)buf = 0xffffffff;

#ifdef CONFIG_MMC
    /* first try mmc */
    if (mmc_init(1)) {
        size = file_fat_read(“u-boot.bin", buf, 0);
        if (size > 0) {
#ifdef CFG_PRINTF
            printf(“Loading u-boot.bin from mmc\n");
#endif
            buf += size;
        }
    }
#endif

    if (buf == (uchar *)CFG_LOADADDR) {
        /* if no u-boot on mmc, try onenand or nand, depending upon sysboot */
        if (get_mem_type() == GPMC_ONENAND){
#ifdef CFG_ONENAND
#ifdef CFG_PRINTF
                   printf(“Loading u-boot.bin from onenand\n");
#endif
                for (i = ONENAND_START_BLOCK; i < ONENAND_END_BLOCK; i++){
                    if (!onenand_read_block(buf, i))
                        buf += ONENAND_BLOCK_SIZE;
                }
#endif
        } else if (get_mem_type() == GPMC_NAND){
#ifdef CFG_NAND_K9F1G08R0A
#ifdef CFG_PRINTF
                   printf(“Loading u-boot.bin from nand\n");
#endif
                for (i = NAND_UBOOT_START; i < NAND_UBOOT_END; i+= NAND_BLOCK_SIZE){
                    if (!nand_read_block(buf, i))
                        buf += NAND_BLOCK_SIZE; /* advance buf ptr */
                }
#endif
        }
    }

    /* if u-boot not found on mmc or
         * nand read result is erased data
         * then serial boot
         */
    first_instruction = (int *)CFG_LOADADDR;
    if((buf == (uchar *)CFG_LOADADDR) || (*first_instruction == 0xffffffff)) {
        printf(“u-boot.bin not found or blank nand contents – attempting serial boot . . .\n");
        do_load_serial_bin(CFG_LOADADDR, 115200);
    }

    /* go run U-Boot and never return */
     ((init_fnc_t *)CFG_LOADADDR)();

    /* should never come here */
}

void hang (void)
{
    /* call board specific hang function */
    board_hang();

    /* if board_hang() returns, hang here */
#ifdef CFG_PRINTF
    printf(“X-Loader hangs\n");
#endif
    for (;;);
}


The files is major part of the xloader, start.s will call the entry function “start_arm()” when OMAP3 reset. it use the function point method to initilization board environment.

The init sequence defined in ‘init_sequence[]’, the arry tail must a NULL point for stop check. first call is “int cpu_init(void)”.

  1. when OMAP3 reset (pc : 0x00000000), run start.s code (relationship file: linker script/start.s)
  2. initial ARM/CPU basic envirnoment and allocate a stack space. (start.s)
  3. run start_arm to init CPU/Board/Basic Device environemts (board.c)
  4. Load second bootloader image to “CFG_LOADADDR”address, there is U-boot, the xloader will check MMC(SD)/ONENAND/NAND/SERIAL
  5. jump to the second bootloader image entry point(“CFG_LOADADDR”)

The CFC_LOADADDR(0x80008000) is defined in .\include\configs\omap3430sdp.h , the xloader just a tiny bootstrap/stone steps loader. so all complex function will put into second loader, for example : memory test, LAN boot, download/load OS image, device test etc.

file path: .\lib\board.c

Note: start.S of Xloader

Posted in ARM, OMAP3, XLoader on 2010 年 11 月 21 日 by Kun-Yi

/*
*  armboot – Startup Code for OMP2420/ARM1136 CPU-core
*
*  Copyright (c) 2004-2006  Texas Instruments
*
*  Copyright (c) 2001    Marius Gr鐷er <mag@sysgo.de>
*  Copyright (c) 2002    Alex Zke <azu@sysgo.de>
*  Copyright (c) 2002    Gary Jennejohn <gj@denx.de>
*  Copyright (c) 2003    Richard Woodruff <r-woodruff2@ti.com>
*  Copyright (c) 2003    Kshitij <kshitij@ti.com>
*  Copyright (c) 2004    Jian Zhang <jzhang@ti.com>
*
* See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
* project.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
* MA 02111-1307 USA
*/

#include <config.h>
#include <asm/arch/cpu.h>

.globl _start
_start:   
    b    reset
     ldr    pc, _hang
    ldr    pc, _hang
    ldr    pc, _hang
    ldr    pc, _hang
    ldr    pc, _hang
    ldr    pc, _hang
    ldr    pc, _hang

_hang:
     .word do_hang
    .word 0x12345678
    .word 0x12345678
    .word 0x12345678
    .word 0x12345678
    .word 0x12345678
    .word 0x12345678
    .word 0x12345678 /* now 16*4=64 */

.global _end_vect
_end_vect:

    .balignl 16,0xdeadbeef
/*
*************************************************************************
*
* Startup Code (reset vector)
*
* do important init only if we don’t start from memory!
* setup Memory and board specific bits prior to relocation.
* relocate armboot to ram
* setup stack
*
*************************************************************************
*/

_TEXT_BASE:
    .word    TEXT_BASE

.globl _armboot_start
_armboot_start:
    .word _start

/*
* These are defined in the board-specific linker script.
*/
.globl _bss_start
_bss_start:
    .word __bss_start

.globl _bss_end
_bss_end:
    .word _end

/*
* the actual reset code
*/

reset:
    /*
     * set the cpu to SVC32 mode
     */
    mrs    r0,cpsr
    bic    r0,r0,#0x1f
    orr    r0,r0,#0xd3
    msr    cpsr,r0

    /* Copy vectors to mask ROM indirect addr */
    adr     r0, _start              /* r0 <- current position of code   */
    add     r0, r0, #4                /* skip reset vector            */
    mov     r2, #64                 /* r2 <- size to copy  */
    add     r2, r0, r2              /* r2 <- source end address         */
    mov     r1, #SRAM_OFFSET0         /* build vect addr */
    mov     r3, #SRAM_OFFSET1
    add     r1, r1, r3
    mov     r3, #SRAM_OFFSET2
    add     r1, r1, r3
next:
    ldmia   r0!, {r3-r10}           /* copy from source address [r0]    */
    stmia   r1!, {r3-r10}           /* copy to   target address [r1]    */
    cmp     r0, r2                  /* until source end address [r2]    */
    bne     next                    /* loop until equal */

    bl    cpy_clk_code            /* put dpll adjust code behind vectors */
    /* the mask ROM code should have PLL and others stable */
    bl  cpu_init_crit

relocate:                /* relocate U-Boot to RAM        */
    adr    r0, _start        /* r0 <- current position of code   */
    ldr    r1, _TEXT_BASE        /* test if we run from flash or RAM */
    cmp r0, r1                      /* no need to relocate if XIP       */
    beq stack_setup            /* skip txt cpy if XIP(SRAM, SDRAM) */

    ldr    r2, _armboot_start
    ldr    r3, _bss_start
    sub    r2, r3, r2        /* r2 <- size of armboot            */
    add    r2, r0, r2        /* r2 <- source end address         */

copy_loop:
    ldmia    r0!, {r3-r10}        /* copy from source address [r0]    */
    stmia    r1!, {r3-r10}        /* copy to   target address [r1]    */
    cmp    r0, r2            /* until source end addreee [r2]    */
    ble    copy_loop

    /* Set up the stack                            */
stack_setup:
    ldr    r0, _TEXT_BASE        /* upper 128 KiB: relocated uboot   */
    sub    sp, r0, #128        /* leave 32 words for abort-stack   */
    and    sp, sp, #~7        /* 8 byte alinged for (ldr/str)d    */

    /* Clear BSS (if any).  Is below tx (watch load addr – need space)  */
clear_bss:
    ldr    r0, _bss_start        /* find start of bss segment        */
    ldr    r1, _bss_end        /* stop here                        */
    mov     r2, #0x00000000        /* clear value                      */
clbss_l:
    str    r2, [r0]        /* clear BSS location               */
    cmp    r0, r1            /* are we at the end yet            */
    add    r0, r0, #4        /* increment clear index pointer    */
    bne    clbss_l                 /* keep clearing till at end        */

    ldr    pc, _start_armboot    /* jump to C code                   */

_start_armboot:    .word start_armboot

/*
*************************************************************************
*
* CPU_init_critical registers
*
* setup important registers
* setup memory timing
*
*************************************************************************
*/
cpu_init_crit:
    /*
     * Invalidate L1 I/D
     */
        mov    r0, #0                 /* set up for MCR */
        mcr    p15, 0, r0, c8, c7, 0  /* invalidate TLBs */
        mcr    p15, 0, r0, c7, c5, 1  /* invalidate icache */

    /* Invalide L2 cache (gp device call point)
     * – warning, this may have issues on EMU/HS devices
     * this call can corrupt r0-r5
     */
    mov r12, #0x1        @ set up to invalide L2   
smi:     .word 0xE1600070    @ Call SMI monitor

    /*
     * disable MMU stuff and caches
     */
    mrc    p15, 0, r0, c1, c0, 0
    bic    r0, r0, #0x00002000    @ clear bits 13 (–V-)
    bic    r0, r0, #0x00000007    @ clear bits 2:0 (-CAM)
    orr    r0, r0, #0x00000002    @ set bit 1 (–A-) Align
#ifndef CONFIG_ICACHE_OFF
    orr    r0, r0, #0x00001800    @ set bit 11,12 (—I Z—) BTB,I-Cache
#endif
    mcr    p15, 0, r0, c1, c0, 0

    /*
         * Jump to board specific initialization… The Mask ROM will have already initialized
         * basic memory.  Go here to bump up clock rate and handle wake up conditions.
     */
    adr    r0, _start        /* r0 <- current position of code   */
    ldr    r1, _TEXT_BASE        /* test if we run from flash or RAM */
    cmp     r0, r1                  /* pass on info about skipping some init portions */
    moveq   r0,#0x1                 /* flag to skip prcm and sdrc setup */
    movne   r0,#0x0

    mov    ip, lr          /* persevere link reg across call */
    bl    lowlevel_init   /* go setup pll,mux,memory */
    mov    lr, ip          /* restore link */
    mov    pc, lr          /* back to my caller */

/*
* exception handler
*/
     .align  5
do_hang:
    ldr    sp, _TEXT_BASE        /* use 32 words abort stack */
       bl    hang            /* hang and never return */


The code is a typical ARM initilization code, just copy self to internal sram, setting PLL clocking and setup stack space then jump to _start_armboot  (call start_armboot() in C code), it has defined in .\lib\board.c.

file path: .\cpu\omap3\start.S, see Note: Xloader Linker Script, Added My Comment

Note: Xloader linker script, added my comment

Posted in ARM, OMAP3, XLoader on 2010 年 11 月 20 日 by Kun-Yi

/*
* November 2006 – Changed to support 3430sdp device
* Copyright (c) 2004-2006 Texas Instruments
*
* (C) Copyright 2002
* Gary Jennejohn, DENX Software Engineering, <gj@denx.de>
*
* See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
* project.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
* MA 02111-1307 USA
*/

OUTPUT_FORMAT(“elf32-littlearm", “elf32-littlearm", “elf32-littlearm")
OUTPUT_ARCH(arm) // CPU Architecture
ENTRY(_start)              // Start/Entry point
SECTIONS
{
    . = 0x00000000;     // address of link, Entry point will place to the address

    . = ALIGN(4);   // Memory Aligement
    .text      : // code segment
    {
      cpu/omap3/start.o    (.text)   // Code Object file
      *(.text)
    }

    . = ALIGN(4);
    .rodata : { *(.rodata) }  // readonly segment

    . = ALIGN(4);
    .data : { *(.data) }         // data segment

    . = ALIGN(4);
    .got : { *(.got) }

    . = ALIGN(4);
    __bss_start = .;
    .bss : { *(.bss) }
    _end = .;
}

The x-load.lds is a linker script to describe about a program in run time layout when load into memory. we can get the program start point at 0x00000000, label name is “_start”, and define in ./cpu/omap3/start.o

file path: ./board/omap3430sdp/x-load.lds